Abdi E, Fatahnia F, Dehghan Banadaki M, Azarfar A and Khatibjoo A, 2013. Effects of soybeans roasting and monensin on milk production and composition and milk fatty acid profile of lactating dairy cows. Livestock Science 153: 73-80.
Aguerre MJ, Capozzolo MC, Lencioni P, Cabral C and Wattiaux MA, 2016. Effect of quebracho-chestnut tannin extracts at 2 dietary crude protein levels on performance, rumen fermentation, and nitrogen partitioning in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 99: 4476-4486.
Alipanahi Z, Fatahnia F, Jafari H, Taasoli G, Mirzaei-Alamouti H, Barrett D and Pormalekshahi A, 2019. Effect of oak acorn with or without polyethylene glycol in diets containing extruded soybean on milk fatty acid profile, ruminal fermentation and plasma metabolites of lactating goats. Livestock Science 221: 57-62.
Alzahal ONE, Odongo T, Mustvangwa MM, Or-Rashid TF, Duffield R, Bagg P, Dick G, Vessie and McBride BW, 2008. Effect of monensin and dietary soybean oil on milk fat percentage and milk fatty acid profile in lactating dairy cows.Journal of Dairy Science 91: 1166-1174.
Bauman DE, Perfiled JW, Veth MJ and Lock AL, 2003. New perspective on lipid digestion and metabolism in ruminants. Proceeding Cornell Nutrition Conference, pp. 175-189.
Bernard JK, 1990. Effect of raw or roasted whole soybeans on digestibility of dietary nutrients and milk production of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 73: 3231-3236.
Benchaar C, Calsamiglia S, Chaves AV, Fraser GR, Colombatto D, McAllister TA and Beauchemin KA, 2008. Areview of plant-derived essential oils in ruminant nutrition and production. Animal Feed Science and Technology 145: 209-228.
Bhatta R, Vaithiyanathan S, Singh NP, Shinde AK and Verma DL, 2005. Effect of feeding tree leaves as supplements on the nutrient digestion and rumen fermentation pattern in sheep grazing semi-arid range of India. Small Ruminant Research 60: 273–280.
Broderick GA and Kang JH, 1980. Automated simultaneous determination of ammonia and total amino acids in ruminal fluid and in vitro media. Journal of Dairy Science 63: 64-75.
Buccioni A, Mineiri S, Rapaccini S, Antongiovanni M and Mele M, 2011. Effect of chestnut and quebracho tannins on fatty acid profile in rumen liqud- and solid-associated bacteria: an in vitro study. Journal of Animal Science 5: 1521-1530.
Buccioni A, Pauselli M, Viti C, Minieri S, Pallara G, Roscini V, Rapaccini S, Trabalza Marinucci MT, Lupi, P, Conte G, Mele M, 2015. Milk fatty acid composition, rumen microbial population, and animal performances in response to diets rich in linoleic acid supplemented with chestnut or quebracho tannins in dairy ewes. Journal of Dairy Science 98: 1145-1156.
Carreño D, Hervás G, Toral PG, Belenguer A and Frutos P, 2015. Ability of different types and doses of tannin extracts to modulate in vitro ruminal biohydrogenation in sheep. Animal Feed Science and Technology 202: 42-51.
Carulla JE, Kreuzer M, Machmuller A and Hess HD, 2005. Supplementation of Acacia mearnsii tannins decreases methanogenesis and urinary nitrogen in forage-fed sheep. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 56: 961-970.
Christensen RA, Drackley JK, La Count DW and Clark JH, 1994. Infusion of four long-chain fatty acid mixtures into the abomasum of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 77: 1052–1069.
Duffield TF, Rabiee AR and Lean IJ, 2008. A meta-analysis of the impact of monensin in lactating dairy cattle. Part 2. Production effects. Journal of Dairy Science 91: 1334-1346.
Dschaak CM, Williams CM, Holt MS, Eun JS, Young AJ and Min BR, 2011. Effects of supplementing condensed tannin extract on intake, digestion, ruminal fermentation, and milk production of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 94: 2508-2519.
El-Waziry AM, Nasser MEA, Sallam SMA, Abdallah AL and Bueno ICS, 2007. Processing method of soyabean meal: Effect of autovlaving and Qucbraho tannin treated soybean meal on gas production and rumen fermentation in vitro. Journal Applied Science 3: 17-24.
Gonthier C, Mustafa, AF, Ouellet DR, Chouinard PY, Berthiaume R and Petit HV, 2005. Feeding micronized and extruded flaxseed to dairy cows: Effects on blood parameters and milk fatty acid composition. Journal of Dairy Science 88: 748-756.
Gonzalez S, Pabon ML and Carulla J, 2002. Effect of tannins on in vitro ammonia release and dry matter degradation of soybean meal. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Producción Animal 10: 97-101.
Hristov AN and Ropp JK, 2003. Effect of dietary carbohydrate composition and availability on utilization of ruminal ammonia nitrogen for milk protein synthesis in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 86: 2416–2427.
Ipharraguerre IR and Clark JH, 2003. Usefulness of ionophores for lactating dairy cows: A review Animal Feed Science and Technology 106: 39-57.
Ishlak A, Günal M and AbuGhazaleh AA, 2015.The effects of cinnamaldehyde, monensin and quebrachocondensed tannin on rumen fermentation, biohydrogenationand bacteria in continuous culture system. Animal Feed Science and Technology 207: 31-40.
Jayanegara A, Kreuzer M and Leiber F, 2012. Ruminal disappearance of polyunsaturated fatty acids and appearance of biohydrogenation products when incubating linseed oil with alpine forage plant apecies in vitro. Livestock Science 147: 104-112.
Jenkins TC, Wallace RJ, Moate PJ and Mosley EE, 2008. Recent advances in biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids within the rumen microbial ecosystem. Journal of Animal Science 86: 397-412.
Jones, GA, McAllister TA, Cheng K.J and Muir AD, 1994. Effect of sainfon condensed tannins on growth and proteolysis by 4 strains of rumen bacteria. Applied Environmental Microbiology 60: 1374-1378.
Kaleem A, Enjalberta F, Farizon Y and Troegeler-Meynadier A, 2013. Effect of chemical form, heating, and oxidation products of linoleic acid on rumen bacterial population and activities of biohydrogenating enzymes. Journal of Dairy Science 96: 7167-7180.
Khiaosa-Ard R, Bryner SF, Scheeder MRL, Wettstein HR, Leiber F, Kreuzer M and Soliva CR, 2009. Evidence for the inhibition of the terminal step of ruminal α- linolenic acid biohydrogenation by condensed tannins. Journal of Dairy Science 92: 177-188.
Khodamoradi SH, Fatahnia F, Taherpour K, Pirani V, Rashidi L and Azarfar A, 2013. Effect of monensin and vitamin E on milk production and composition of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 97: 666-674.
Makkar HPS, 2010. In vitro Screening of Feed Resources for Efficiency of Microbial Protein Synthesis. In: Vercoe PE, Makkar HPS and Schlink AC. (Eds.). In vitro Screening of Plant Resources for Extra-Nutritional Attributes in Ruminants: Nuclear and Related Methodologies. IAEA, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, pp. 107–144.
Makkar HPS, Blummel M and Becker K., 1995. Formation of complexes between polyvinyl pyrrolidone and polyethylene glycol with tannins and their implications in gas production and true digestibility in vitro techniques. British Journal of Nutrition
McAllister TA, Bae HD, Yanke LJ, Cheng KJ and Muir A, 1994. Effect of condensed tannins from birdsfoot trefoil on the endoglucanase activity and the digestion of cellulose filter paper by ruminal fungi. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 40: 298–305.
McDonald P, Edwards RA, Greenhalgh JFD and Morgan CA, 1995. Animal Nutrition. 5th Edition. Oliver and Boyd Publishers (UK). pp. 607.
McGuffey RK, Richardson LF and Wilkinson JID, 2001. Ionophores for dairy cattle: current status and future outlook. Journal of Dairy Science 84 (E. Suppl.): E194-E203.
McSweeney CS, Palmer BD, McNeill M and Krause DO, 2001. Microbial interaction with tannins: nutritional consequences for ruminants. Animal Feed Science and Technology 91: 83-93.
Min BR, Barry TN, Attwood GT and McNabb WC, 2003. The effect of condensed tannins on the nutrition and health of ruminants fed fresh temperate forages: a review. Animal Feed Science and Technology 106: 3–19.
Min BR, Pinchak WE, Fulford JD and Puchala R, 2005. Effect of feed additives on in vitro and in vivo rumen characteristics and frothy bloat dynamics in steers grazing wheat pasture. Animal Feed Science and Technology 123: 615–629.
Minieri S, Buccioni A, Rapaccini S, Pezzati A, Benvenuti D, Serra A and Mele M, 2014. Effect of quebracho tannin extract on soybean and linseed oil biohydrogenation by solid associated bacteria: an in vitro study. Italian Journal of Animal Science 13: 604-608.
Mohammadabadi T, Chaji M, Eslami M and Bojarpour M, 2009. The evaluation of the effect of oak leave on in vitro rumen fermentation of soybean meal. Research Journal Biological Sciences 11: 1190-1192.
National Research Council, 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy cattle, 7th Rev. ed, National Academy press, Washington DC, USA, 2001.
Neves CA, Santos GT, Matsushita M, Alves EM, Oliveira RL, Branco AF, Silva DC, Furlan AC and Petit HV, 2007. Intake, whole tract digestibility, milk production and milk composition of Holstein cows fed extruded soybeans treated with or without lignosulfate. Animal Feed Science and Technology 134: 32-44.
Oelker ER, Reveneau C and Firkins JL, 2009. Interaction of molasses and monensin in alfalfa hay- or corn silage-based diets on rumen fermentation, total tract digestibility, and milk production by Holstein cows Journal of Dairy Science 92: 270–285.
Odongo NE, Or-Rashid MM, Bagg R, Vessie G, Dick P, Kebreab E, France J and McBride BW, 2007. Long-term effect of feeding monensin on milk fatty acid composition in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 90: 5126-5133.
Ottensin DM and Batlar DA, 1971. Improved gas chromatography separation of feed acids C2- c5 in solution. Analytical Chemistry 43: 952- 955.
Patra AK, 2011. Effects of essential oils on rumen fermentation, microbial ecology and ruminant production. Asian Journal Animal Veterinary Advances 6: 416-428.
Ponce CH, Smith DR, Branine ME, Hubbert ME and Galyean ML, 2012. Effects of type of ionophore and carrier on in vitro ruminal dry matter disappearance, gas production, and fermentation end products of a concentrate substrate. Animal Feed Science and Technology 171: 223- 229.
Prive F, Combes S, Cauquli L, Farizon Y, Enjalberta F and Troegeler-Meynadier A, 2010. Temperature and duration of heating of sunflower oil affect ruminal biohydrogenation of linoleic acid in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science 93: 711-722.
Reddy PV, Morrill JL and Nagaraja TG, 1994. Release of free fatty acids from raw or processed soybeans and subsequent effects on fiber digestibility. Journal of Dairy Science 77: 3410-3416.
SAS Institute, 2000. SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. Version 8.01 ed. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, North Carolina.
Shingfield, K. J, Bonnet M and Scollan ND, 2013. Recent developments in altering the fatty acid composition of ruminant-derived foods. Journal of Animal Science 7: 132-162.
Sliwiniski BJ, Soliva CR, Machmuller A and Kreuzer M, 2002. Effects of plant rich in secondary constituents modify rumen fermentation. Animal Feed Science and Technology 101: 101-114.
Troegeler-Meynadier A, Nicot MC and Enjalbert F, 2006. Effects of heating process of soybeans on ruminal production of conjugated linoleic acids and trans-octadecenoic acids in situ. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire (Toulouse) 157: 509–514.
Troegeler-Meynadier A, Puaut S, Farizon Y and Enjalberta F, 2014. Effect of the heating process of soybean oil and seeds on fatty acid biohydrogenation in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science 97: 5657-5667.
Vasta V, Makkar HPS, Mele M and Priolo A, 2009. Ruminal biohydrogenation as affected by tannins in vitro. British Journal of Nutrition 102: 82-92.
Waghorn G, 2008. Beneficial and detrimental effects of dietary condensed tannins for sustainable sheep and goat production-Progress and challenges. Animal Feed Science and Technology 147: 116-139.